What types of evidence is used to prove discrimination?

While you probably are well aware that you are protected against discrimination based on your gender, race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity or disability in Missouri, you may not be clear on how you can prove such discrimination occurred. According to the Department of Justice, there are three main types of evidence that is used to prove discrimination claims.

Circumstantial evidence is the most common type of evidence used. It is the easiest to obtain. It does not provide exact proof that something happened, but it can provide proof of the situation and show that there were many factors present that support the claimed discrimination occurred. The more evidence of this type the better because it shows it is more than just a coincidence.

Statistical evidence is supporting proof that a situation is likely to be a case of discrimination based upon other similar situations. It usually will not stand alone, but can strengthen a case.

Direct evidence is the strongest proof you can provide, but it also is the hardest to get. It will show the discrimination happened beyond a doubt.

The importance of evidence cannot be stressed enough. You would not want to be accused of something you did not do and be convicted solely based upon someone else's word. Nobody would want that. This is why evidence is so important. If you cannot produce sufficient evidence of a discrimination claim, then you cannot win in court. This information is only intended to educate and should not be interpreted as legal advice.

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